ClamAV supports the detection of Potentially Unwanted Applications (PUA).
You can customize PUA detection for ClamD with these
DetectPUA yes # Detect Possibly Unwanted Applications ExcludePUA CAT # Skip PUA sigs of category CAT IncludePUA CAT # Load PUA sigs of category CAT
You can customize PUA detection for ClamScan with these command-line options:
--detect-pua # Detect Possibly Unwanted Applications --exclude-pua=CAT # Skip PUA sigs of category CAT --include-pua=CAT # Load PUA sigs of category CAT
The category name is a string match with the 2nd token in a
PUA.* signature name.
PUA.Win.Packer.BorlandDelphi-5: The category name is
PUA.Cert.Revoked.PEAuthenticode-5750538-0: The category name is
There is presently no support for including or excluding by subcategory.
PUA categories are the product of signature naming conventions. These vary over time as new signatures are added.
Disclaimer: PUA signatures are not as carefully curated as malware signatures because they are not as commonly used. You should expect more false positives when using PUA signatures. Further, inclusion or exclusion of specific categories may not be very intuitive or predictable. Specifically, excluding the
Wincategory will not exclude all Windows application PUA signatures. There are undoubtedly more Windows PUA signatures in the
NetTool, etc categories that target Windows applications. Similarly, excluding the
Packedcategory will not guarantee that you exclude signatures like
PUA.Win.Packer.Whatever-0123. In short, the inclusion and exclusion of PUA signatures will likely be frustrating. Improvements to PUA include/exclude options to support subcategories as well as SigTool features to enumerate current PUA categories and subcategories would be a good candidate for a community contribution project.
Disclaimer 2: The
Trojan/etc malware categories or subcategories for PUA signatures were mistakenly selected by automated tools. Those tools have since been fixed and no new signatures should appear with these names. The existing malware-name categories for these PUA signatures are expected to be removed/renamed as time permits.
The following is a snapshot of the PUA signature name categories and subcategories from daily.cvd & main.cvd (Jan 29, 2020):
PUA.Andr.Adware PUA.Andr.Downloader PUA.Andr.Dropper PUA.Andr.Tool PUA.Andr.Trojan PUA.Andr.Virus PUA.Cert.Revoked PUA.Doc.Dropper PUA.Doc.Packed PUA.Doc.Tool PUA.Doc.Trojan PUA.Email.Phishing PUA.Email.Trojan PUA.Embedded.File PUA.Html.Exploit PUA.Html.Tool PUA.Html.Trojan PUA.Java.Exploit PUA.Java.Packer PUA.Js.Exploit PUA.Osx.File PUA.Osx.Trojan PUA.Packed.Tool PUA.Pdf.Exploit PUA.Pdf.Trojan PUA.Php.Trojan PUA.Rtf.Exploit PUA.Spy.Tool PUA.Swf.Spyware PUA.Tool.Countermeasure PUA.Tool.Tool PUA.Unix.Adware PUA.Unix.Coinminer PUA.Unix.Downloader PUA.Unix.File PUA.Unix.Malware PUA.Unix.Tool PUA.Unix.Trojan PUA.Unix.Virus PUA.Win.Adware PUA.Win.Coinminer PUA.Win.Downloader PUA.Win.Dropper PUA.Win.Exploit PUA.Win.File PUA.Win.Ircbot PUA.Win.Joke PUA.Win.Keylogger PUA.Win.Malware PUA.Win.Packed PUA.Win.Packer PUA.Win.Proxy PUA.Win.Ransomware PUA.Win.Spyware PUA.Win.Tool PUA.Win.Trojan PUA.Win.Virus
The following category descriptions should give you some idea of how the PUA signature naming conventions are used. Please note this list is not exhaustive. As noted above, PUA signatures are not as carefully curated and there will be exceptions:
Potentially unwanted applications for Android mobile devices.
Potentially unwanted applications written for the Java runtime.
Applications that can be used to sniff, filter, manipulate or scan network traffic or networks. While a network scanner - for example - can be a extremely helpful tool for admins, you may not want to see an average user playing around with it. Same goes for tools like
netcatand the like.
Peer to Peer clients can be used to generate a lot of unwanted traffic and sometimes it happens that copyrights are violated by downloading copyright protected content (Music, Movies) - therefore we consider them possibly unwanted as well.
This is a detection for files that use some kind of runtime packer. A runtime packer can be used to reduce the size of executable files without the need for an external unpacker. While this can't be considered malicious in general, runtime packers are widely used with malicious files since they can prevent a already known malware from detection by an anti-virus product.
Password tools are all applications that can be used to recover or decrypt passwords for various applications - like mail clients or system passwords. Such tools can be quite helpful if a password is lost, however, it can also be used to spy out passwords.
IRC Clients can be a productivity killer and depending on the client - a powerful platform for malicious scripts (take mIRC for example).
Potentially unwanted applications for macOS systems.
Remote Access Trojans are used to remotely access systems, but can be used also by system admins, for example VNC or RAdmin.
Server based badware like DistributedNet.
Keyloggers, spying tools.
General system tools, like process killers/finders.
Potentially unwanted applications for Unix systems.
Potentially unwanted applications for Windows systems.