# File Type Magic

ClamAV's primary mechanism for determining file types is to match the file with a File Type Magic signature. These file type signatures are compiled into ClamAV, and may also be overridden dynamically using the definition founds found in a *.ftm file.

The ClamAV standard signature database includes these definitions in daily.ftm.

The signature format is not too disimilar from NDB body-based signatures.

The format is:

magictype:offset:magicbytes:name:rtype:type[:min_flevel[:max_flevel]]


Where:

magictype: Supported magic types include:

• 0 - direct memory comparison of magicbytes for file types
• 1 - The magicbytes use the body-based content matching format.
• 4 - direct memory comparison of magicbytes for partition types (HFS+, HFSX)

offset: The offset from start of the file to match against. May be * if magictype is 1.

name: A descriptive name for the file type.

rtype: Previously detected file type. Usually CL_TYPE_ANY as a wild-card.

type: The CL_TYPE corresponding with the file type signature. See the CL_TYPE reference for details.

min_flevel: (optional) The minimum ClamAV engine that the file type signature works with. See the FLEVEL reference for details. To be used in the event that file type support has been recently added.

max_flevel: (optional, requires min_flevel field, though the min_flevel number itself can be left empty) The maximum ClamAV engine that the file type signature works with. To be used in the event that file type support has been recently removed or replaced.